Evaluation of Indian 7.62 x 51 mm NATO Cartridges
with the Head stamp "OFV 02"

Ammunition with the Headstamp OFV was manufactured by the Indian Ordnance Factory, Varangaon which is owned and controlled by Indian Government. The factory was established in 1964 and is located in the Jalgaon District in the state of Maharashtra. A number of complaints have surfaced about ammunition produced by this factory that don't seem to be entirely unfounded.

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Indian Specifications of SA 7.62 mm Ball M-80 *

Test of the Indian OFV ammunition.

For comparison two other types of M-80 ball cartridges were also tested. Rounds were fired out of an Ishapore 2A1 Enfield Rifle with a 25.2 inch length barrel.


OFV Ordnance Factory, Varangaon India
BF-79-72 Portugal
SIEC IK-85 Yugoslavia Igman Konjic
OFV 02 BF-79-72 SIEC IK-85
Shot No. MV fps MV fps MV fps
1 2771 2701 2800
2 2708 2754 2818
3 2777 2761 2806
4 2758 2754 2778
5 2741 2762 2799
6 2700 2742 2754
7 2729 2721 2809
8 2741 2714 2809
9 2659 2733 2789
10 2696 2738 2801
11 2769
12 2768
13 2733
14 2691
15 2742
16 2736
17 2671
18 2728
19 2731
20 2643
Average Velocity (fps) 2725 2738 2796
Standard Deviation (fps) 37.18 19.73 17.63


Pulled bullets from the Indian OFV ammunition were copper jacketed with a lead core. They measured an average of 0.308 inches in diameter and were slightly out of round. Typically, most M80 7.62 Nato ammunition will have steel jacketed, lead core bullets with a diameter of 0.307 inches and may be as little as 0.306 inches. A black tarry substance was used inside the case neck probably to seal the cartridge.

The boxer primed brass cases had a somewhat rougher appearance than those used for European or American manufactured cartridges. As is the case with most military ammunition, the primers were crimped in.

Benchrest groups from a Ishapore 2A1 Lee Enfield at 50 yards

OFV 02 averaged 5.5 inches with a considerable amount of vertical stringing. Accuracy was the poorest of any M-80 cartridges that I have come across. I suspect that this 2002 lot was unacceptable to the Indian Government and that is why it was sold as surplus. I did not experience any squib rounds as some people have reported but some cartridges had cracked or damaged case necks
In addition some people have experienced extraction problems when this ammunition was used in semiauto rifles.

By comparison both the Portugese BF-75-72 headstamped cartridges and the Yugoslavian IK- 85 produced groups averaging 2.5 inches at the same distance.

Reloading OFV Brass Cases

I have reloaded OFV headstamped cases from this lot and others with headstamp dates from the 1990's with acceptable results, however the brass appears to be somewhat brittle. Neck cracks started appearing on the second loading using a 147 grain fmj bullets at the modest velocity of 2650 feet per second.

Homepage of Indian Ordnance Factory

* Indian designation for their version of the 7.62 NATO Ball Cartridge.


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